A septic tank will need to be pumped when there are too many solid waste products and too many byproducts of decomposition in the tank. When waste products go into the septic system, solid and liquid wastes are separated. Bacteria break off of solid waste as well. The septic tank will store non-degradable solid waste until it is possible for the solid waste to be removed. Effluent, or water with small bits of waste, is able to drain from the septic tank into the septic field and will infiltrate the soil.
The non-degradable waste and other heavy materials will sink to the tank’s bottom, and will form a material called sludge. When the sludge accumulates too much and ends up taking up too much of the tank, this is when problems can develop. As a result, this means that your septic tank needs to be pumped when too much sludge has developed.
Many property owners don’t know when there is too much sludge in a septic tank. You should call in a professional to help you determine if your septic tank needs to be pumped and to take care of getting it pumped for you. The Septic Medic team would be happy to help. Contact us.
It is a good idea for homeowners with a septic system to know what the three layers of their septic system are. Understanding how a septic system works can help you to identify when your system has become too full and needs to be pumped out.
Bottom Layer – Sludge
The bottom layer of your septic system is made up of a material called sludge. Sludge is comprised of byproducts of the decomposition of other wastes that are dealt with by your septic tank. Heavy materials that sink to the bottom of the septic tank also become part of the sludge.
Middle Layer – Water
The middle layer of the septic tank is water. This water may have small pieces of waste products in it. Water is discharged into the septic field from the tank when your septic system is working correctly.
Top Layer – Scum
Finally, the top layer of the septic system is made up of scum. This comes from things like soap byproducts and cooking oils which go to the top.
You should make sure you watch your septic system to see when it is becoming too full of sludge, so you can get it pumped out and keep it in good working order. Contact the Septic Medic team for help.